April 30, 2020
This section covers information about mental health stigma, access and treatment, and provides recommendations for employers and resources on NGOs/National Campaigns in Spain.
Stigma surrounding mental health conditions, especially for suicide, present obstacles to mental health access and care in Spain.
- EAP providers say that mental health is often seen as a weakness, and many managers think stress is a byproduct of high motivation and engagement.
- It is still difficult for employers in Spain to discuss topics like suicide, anxiety or depression, and it isn’t easy to find accurate statistics on the topic, although generally the rate has increased.
- In 2016, there were two times more deaths by suicide than car accidents.25
- Stress is more openly discussed.
- When it comes to services like EAP, providers say that confidentiality of service and how the EAP works are significant issues when employees make an initial call.
- Employees often don’t understand or believe that what they say will be kept confidential from their employer.25
Snapshot of the Health System Landscape
Mental hospital beds: 28.15 per 100,000 population.
General hospital psychiatric unit beds: 14.31 per 100,000 population.
Government mental health spend as % of total health spend
National health insurance or reimbursement scheme includes the care and treatment of persons with major mental disorders (defined as psychosis, bipolar disorder, depression).*
Total mental health workers: 15.43 per 100,000 population
Persons pay nothing (fully insured) for mental health services/psychotropic medicine..
Government-adopted or national policy for suicide prevention strategy
43% of the inpatient population stays for more than a year.
*According to data submitted to the World Health Organization (2017)
Spain has a strict labor law that includes regular psychosocial risk evaluations. Organizations are mandated to measure the level of stress in the workforce every 4 years, and the evaluation is reviewed by labor inspectors. Experts say that the government has made the law stringent as a way of ensuring that employers will comply with at least the minimum requirement, but currently there aren’t many followup actions being taken, particularly in small and medium enterprises.25 Policymakers are also currently debating whether it’s a company’s responsibility and workplace health issue if an employee suffers from burnout or stress.55
Addressing Mental Health in Spain
Introduction & Full GuideAddressing Mental Health From a Global and Local Perspective
Part 1Think Global: Strategies that Multinational Employers Use Worldwide
Part 2Act Local: How Access, Stigma and Coverage Vary in Key Markets and Their Impact on Employer Offerings
Part 3Addressing Mental Health in China
Part 4Addressing Mental Health in France
Part 5Addressing Mental Health in India
Part 6Addressing Mental Health in Italy
Part 7Addressing Mental Health in Japan
Part 8Addressing Mental Health in Mexico
Part 9Addressing Mental Health in South Africa
Part 10Addressing Mental Health in Spain
Part 11Addressing Mental Health in United Kingdom
Part 12Addressing Mental Health in United Arab Emirates
Part 13Mental Health Guide: Example Employer Tools and Resources
More TopicsArticles & Guides Mental and Emotional Well-being Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA)
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