Addressing Mental Health in India

April 30, 2020

This comprehensive guide outlines how companies can be aware of how access, cost, coverage, stigma and other challenges vary in different markets, and highlights company strategies, country snapshots and resources that may be useful as they implement their programs around the world.

This section covers information about mental health stigma, access and treatment, and provides recommendations for employers and resources on NGOs/National Campaigns in India.

Snapshot of the Health System Landscape

hospital bed

Mental hospital beds: 1.43 per 100,000 population.

Generic hospital psychiatric unit beds: 22.34 per 100,000 population.

government mental health spend as % of total health spend

Government mental health spend as % of total health spend

yes check

National health insurance or reimbursement scheme includes the care and treatment of persons with major mental disorders (defined as psychosis, bipolar disorder, depression).*

health care workers

Total mental health workers: 1.93 per 100,000 population


The majority of persons pay mostly or entirely out of pocket for services and medicines.

No check

No government-adopted or national policy for suicide prevention strategy


25% of the inpatient population stays for 1-5 years. Over one-fourth are involuntarily committed.

*According to data submitted to the World Health Organization (2017)

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The impression [in India] is that those who are strong cannot weep; they do not feel sad. Only weak people can report feeling sad.

Dr. Ashwani Kumar, Director and Psychiatrist at Santulan

Addressing Mental Health in India

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